This specimen shows the sagittal section of the female pelvis.
The female pelvis consists of organs such as the urinary bladder, the urethra, the uterus, the rectum and the anal canal. Other structures such as the cervix, the vagina, the distal parts of the ureters along with the blood vessels and the nerves are also present within the pelvis.
The urinary bladder is a muscular bag that temporarily stores urine. It is located in the lesser pelvis behind the pubic symphysis. An empty urinary bladder is tetrahedral in shape. The ureters open into the posterior aspect of the urinary bladder. The neck of the urinary bladder is directed downwards and becomes continuous with the urethra at the internal urethral orifice.
The rectum is the terminal portion of the gastrointestinal tract. In females, it is related to the uterus and the cervix anteriorly and to the sacrum and coccyx posteriorly. It is very prone for hemorrhoids.
The anal canal is the terminal part of the gastrointestinal tract. It is 3.8 centimeters long. The anal canal is more prone for hemorrhoids.