Female external genital organs
This specimen shows the external genitalia of females.
The female external genitalia or the vulva include the mons pubis, the labia majora, the labia minora, the clitoris, the vestibule with the vaginal orifice and the urethral orifice, the vestibular bulb and the greater vestibular glands. The mons pubis is the rounded hair-bearing area of skin over the pubic symphysis and adjacent pubic bone.
The labia majora are two prominent, longitudinal folds of skin that extend back from the mons pubis to the perineum. They form the lateral boundaries of the vulva.
The labia minora are two small cutaneous folds, devoid of fat, that lie between the labia majora.
The vagina is the female organ of copulation. Its lower opening is known as the vaginal orifice. The vaginal orifice is guarded by an incomplete mucosal fold, known as the hymen. The features of the hymen are examined for the medico-legal purpose to confirm the virginity.
The female urethra is about four centimeters long. Its opening is situated in the vestibule, in front of the vaginal orifice.
The clitoris is an erectile structure partially enclosed by the anterior bifurcated ends of the labia minora. It has a root, a body, and a glans. Its epithelium has high cutaneous sensitivity, important for sexual responses.